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This is the name used to describe the configuration of the rulership of England (excepting Scotland and Wales) during the Anglo-Saxon period and continuing until the Viking invasion and the advent of the Danelaw. The seven major kingdoms of which the Heptarchy was comprised are listed below. The kingdom of Lindsey was absorbed early on by Northumbria, and later by Mercia, but had ceased to exist as an independent kingdom well before the arrival of the Vikings.

East Anglia

Image courtesy of Britannia.com, LLC (© 1999), used with permission.

Kingdoms of the Heptarchy
Wikipedia: Heptarchy